An elevator is an apparatus more and more habitual in the day to day of any building, since it offers a solution to him more than effective and comfortable to save the different heights and the floors. Although there are numerous types, which vary depending on the speed, lighting or style of the cabin, they all offer the same purpose. It is a system of transportation composed of different electrical, mechanical and electronic parts that allows the mobility of people between different levels of a building.
Advantages of having an elevator
The lift improves the accessibility of any person (especially the disabled, families with young children and cars or the elderly and disabled).
The installation of an elevator increases the value of the house where you live around 20-40%, since at the time of selling it will be quoted more than those uncomfortable and inaccessible floors that lack it.
In addition, an elevator improves the adaptability of buildings and makes the traffic within them much more comfortable and agile, as well as the quality of life and safety of its inhabitants.
As you can see, there are many advantages of installing an elevator in any building. But, for this, it is also necessary to know the minimum number of elevators that can install depending on the height.
Factors influencing the minimum number of elevators in height
Many times, you will mistakenly think that this aspect depends on the number of people who live or work in a building or how many homes or offices it houses inside, but this is an incorrect reflection. The height established, according to the regulations of the elevators, indicates that the installation of an elevator depends directly on the height of the construction. It is true that there is usually a clear relationship between the number of floors and the height of the building, so it is easy to see if it is a small residential type and houses a minimum number of dwellings or, if , On the contrary, it is one of larger dimensions in which a large number of people live or travel and therefore requires the installation of a certain number of lifts.
On the other hand and despite the fact that depending on the height of the building and the total number of floors included, you can specify the number of elevators per building minimum height also, it is true that is not enough information to know The number of people living in it, and the number of homes it houses. It is not the same a block with large floors that one that contains more houses in each plant, but of smaller dimensions.
Ultimately, in order to know the minimum number of lifts that a building can house, it is important that it also take into account the utilization of that building. To give an example, it is not the same a construction that houses residential dwellings inside that one that includes businesses, offices or work centers, that is going to carry a transit of people moving by the much greater building. In this sense, the lift will be very useful, as it will create a much more fluid environment and avoid crowds of people at your front door to try to climb.
It is also important to give priority to buildings that have many floors, since the stairs will have a unique emergency exit function. In this regard, it may be the case that a residential building is composed of a large number of floors, something that can be seen in numerous buildings in the form of towers that exist in large cities and serve as residential apartments. In such constructions, it is not usual to have a continuous traffic of people, since they do not contain offices or workplaces, so, depending on this fact, you should also assess the total number of lifts that will be installed.
A case study
For example, to organize the number of elevators in a tower that has 13 levels, you must follow some steps, such as:
Set first the number of people that can be moved in about 300 seconds (that is, 5 minutes). This is achieved by making a simple equation between the total population, the floor surface and the number of floors. So you get the number of people that can move in 5 minutes. Following this simple formula, you could also know the number of people who move the elevator. To do this, you must take into account the speed of this, something that must be verified in the own catalog provided by the company; The travel height it has; The duration of travel; And the total of the trip. Also important are the number of passengers that can move the cabin; The time between stops, maneuvers and adjustments; The duration of entry and exit of the different users; And the optimum waiting time (around 90 seconds). Taking into account all these variables you can conclude the number of total elevators that we recommend you install in your building.
Minimum number of elevators for buildings in height
After knowing all the aforementioned variables can affirm that a building in height, that is considered residential and includes a high number of floors and, therefore of houses or departments, must count, at least, with 2 elevators.
On the other hand, when it is a building that fulfills a commercial function, since it houses offices or shops and therefore has a continuous traffic, it must include at least 3 elevators. This information can vary only in case the building itself has a reduced number of floors, which makes it not necessary to take the elevator to move inside it and value the use of stairs.
In this way, if you plan to install lifts in a building, you must know all of the above factors to decide the minimum number that can be installed. Therefore, it must evaluate the floors, the houses or the apartments, the height of the building, the priority use given to these floors, the type and number of visits received per day, the number of people residing ...
Aspects derived from the minimum number of lifts in a building
It is clear that a building that contains 2 elevators will have a maintenance and care different from another one that has, for example, 3, since they will change the number of employees, the budget invested, the maintenance and the efforts that are destined ...
In order to guarantee the correct operation of a lift within any building, you will need to hire at least one doorman, who will be the one who is dedicated to their maintenance and check that it is in good condition, meets the requirements of use and users give The proper use. In this case, it is true that it can happen that the same employee has to take care of the elevators of a building, when there is more than one. But, generally and to guarantee the maximum security and attention to each one, there are usually several contractors. Especially in those buildings that have several elevators because they are large, have many departments or offices and, therefore, there is a continuous flow of many people throughout the day. As is evident, each will have completely different needs and varied requirements that must be taken care of by the employee.
An elevator manages to make life easier for you. Therefore, it is one of the most demanded appliances in any block of flats. However, in order to establish the minimum number of elevators in each building in height, it must take into account a wide range of aspects. The general trend will be for residential buildings to have 2 elevators, while those destined to a professional function and that include offices can reach a minimum of 3. In these, also must take into account the height of the building. In one of low height and residential purposes, one will suffice; While in those destined for trade there may be two.
The elevators have been a great advance in the daily life of any building since they have made possible a better mobility and accessibility of all its inhabitants or users. In very busy buildings they have been able to create environments much more dynamic and fluid avoiding agglomerations and inoperatividad whereas in the residential, they have been an improvement of life for many of its inhabitants, some because they had reduced mobility and have been able to move easily within the building , Because they had their physical abilities reduced or because they have made families with young children can greatly improve their quality of life. In short, the elevators have been a huge benefit for buildings, now we can only calculate the minimum number that can be installed in ours.