In the world of elevation and elevators, forklifts are very much appreciated resources. Perhaps they are not as well known by the general public as the elevators we have traditionally seen on our farms, but it is worthwhile to comment on their main features. It is also interesting that we review together the most relevant concepts of this category of products, since it is normal that most people only know how to differentiate the elevator from the forklift. This first differentiation is correct, but there are many more nuances in the frame of forklifts, such as the existence, among them, of the mountaineers.
Since the invention of the first lifting devices, before the birth of Christ, the needs of both raising and lowering people, as well as doing so with objects and burdens, coexisted. Therefore, you can take into account that the origin of forklifts is practically as old as that of elevators.
In the first instance, the general view would be that forklifts are larger, heavier and more powerful lifting devices than traditional lifts. However, the differences go even further. Not only in front of the elevators that you can see in your farm, but also between the different models of forklifts.
That's why we offer you this analysis of the existing diversity in the world of forklifts.
Next, the three main categories and different typologies that, in turn, coexist in the framework of them.
Exclusive freight elevators are also known, in the field of elevation, as freight elevators. These resources are what a large part of the population generally considers as forklifts, without further reference. Consequently, this concept is the one that has sketched, not without a certain percentage of reason, in the collective imagination.
But the reality is more complex. In this sense, exclusive freight elevators are characterized by the fact that they constitute lifting equipment that will be used only to transport goods between the different heights of a building.
It should be noted that, as you can imagine, these lifting devices can be adapted to the needs of each customer. Anyway, we can remind you that the exclusive freight lifts stand out they have common properties, among which we highlight, in broad strokes, that its platform calls attention for its robustness and safety. As it has been designed, exclusively, for the transport of loads, its finishes have been chosen based on its strength and simplicity.
In addition, we must note that the exclusive load platforms can be divided into several types:
In line with what we explained earlier, would be those that are usually identified as the reference hoist. These are those used for the exclusive transport of goods. On the other hand, we must note that their shape or capacity may vary, as they will depend on the requirements of the specific jobs for which they have been designed. Also, due to its configuration, you have to take into account that they are not worth to transport people. In these cases, the control of the merchandise will always have to be exercised remotely.
They receive this denomination by the peculiar configuration of its elevation system, that remembers to this instrument. They serve to raise and lower goods, but, because of the stable position of their lifting machine (which differs, in this respect, from those on the loading platforms), they are used on small-scale farms. For example, they are useful for some moves. On the other hand, they have different viable applications in the industrial fields.
Finally, minipumps, in particular, play a relevant role in the vertical transport of light loads. Because of its versatility and lightness, its implementation has had a preponderant success in the services sector. In business such as hotels or restaurants. They are also often used in office buildings, libraries, public institutions or single-family homes.
Freight elevator with passenger
As you have deduced, this is a product that, together with the load capacity of the analyzed in the previous section, adds the possibility of transporting people.
That there are people accompanying the cargo always gives more confidence, but, logically, their safety must be guaranteed during the transportation process. Therefore, the introduction of additional and more sophisticated safety features is one of the main differences between forklift trucks and those designed exclusively for carrying goods.
You will have seen these lifting systems in enclosures such as hospitals, warehouses and some industries. These are infrastructures that allow vertical traffic of goods that are accompanied by people, such as control measures or optimization of transport, which makes cost-effective and saves efforts.
On the other hand, the performance of these lifting devices do not differ excessively from the characteristics of the exclusive loaders. Logically, its conditions can be adapted to the needs of each client or room, but the hardness and scope of its platform stand out, which counts, compared to the exclusive loaders, with an extra security. Their finishes, on the other hand, are simple and have been tested to neutralize the effects of the wear and the blows.
Among the subcategories of forklift with passenger, we highlight the following (except, in a specific case, those related to the exclusive loaders):
Its basic use consists in the exclusive transport of goods with companion. Depending on their use, the features and characteristics of their configuration will change.
They are distinguished from the previous ones in that their system of elevation leaves of a stable position, which makes them especially useful for the works in enclosures of few levels of height, in the industries as in the farms.
Mountaineers or stretchers
Ultimately, we have to emphasize that these forklifts with companions are the most unique. As you may have learned, they are used in clinics, hospitals and medical centers. The purpose of its installation is the safe vertical transport of patients who go in wheelchairs and stretcher. Consequently, in addition to the required security measures, various features related to space, weight, number of people, mobility, functionality and speed are required. In addition, the conditions of these mountaineers or stretchers are regulated by mandatory regulations in the medical centers that we have cited.
Its own name has already allowed you to think that this is the most original forklift, as it has been designed to convey vertically concrete goods. In this case, cars. Therefore, it is a forklift with specific conditions, adapted to a unique service and particular, to transport this type of vehicles.
Among its main characteristics, we must emphasize that it is compatible both the transport of the cars and the companions. In general, it is used to transport cars, since their dimensions and weights are more standardized and standardized than those of other vehicles, which allows optimizing the space used for these purposes.
As in the cases of the forklifts presented above, the mounts have very safe and robust platforms and their finishes, of great simplicity, can absorb the inherent wear and tear of the cars.
On the other hand, the mountaineers are susceptible to be used for different purposes: from the storage and organization of vehicles in stock to the lightening of the parking lots or transport of the cars for trips. Consequently, the performance of each mountaineer is adapted to its priority functions.
At this point, it is necessary to review the fundamental characteristics of the two reference mounts:
These mounts do not have a closed cabin and have a capacity of up to 2500 kilos. Its speed is limited to 0.1 m / s and, at most, can travel up to 12 meters. Finally, we must note that they do not require the use of a leak or pit.
As in the cases of the products that we have been reviewing with you in previous sections, in the one of the montacoches also gives a dichotomy that will have observed in other elevating devices, which serves as a kind of conclusion. In all the categories of existing products and varieties, a distinction is made between the most basic mechanisms (which, in practice, serve to raise and lower goods without undue sophistication) and elaborated. The same thing happens with the mountaineers. In this particular case, the hatch with cabin incorporates a closed and with automatic doors. It has no travel limit and can reach 0.5 m / s speed, in addition to lifting a load of 5,000 kg. Likewise, their use requires the use of a minimum pit or escape.
In short, this analysis of the most outstanding typologies of forklifts will provide you with elements of judgment about these useful lifting products.