An elevator is, without a doubt, the best option for the disabled and the disabled. In this way, it ends with any architectural barriers that may exist. Similarly, accessibility in homes and buildings of any type is improved.
When talking about accessibility, it is therefore referred to that any person must have access, entrance or step to an activity or place without there being any kind of limitation for it because they have a handicap, a disability or a deficiency.
Architectural accessibility is one that has to do with both private and public buildings. In Spain, for example, there is a legal regulation related to this subject. In this way, the high percentage of people who have this kind of needs are catered for and, within those needs, there are public elevators for people with some kind of handicap.
Thanks to the advancement of technology, there are now lifts that have been specially created to meet any needs of a disabled person. These are booths that have sufficient and adequate measures so that a wheelchair can be released and entered in full comfort, as well as one or more accompanying persons. They are also adapted for people with other types of motor, hearing or visual limitations.
Who benefits from an adapted lift
Many accessibility solutions are available to carry out the movement of different floors of a building or house, but the most functional and practical of all is the installation of an elevator. The placement of a lift aims to provide a good and considerable improvement in the quality of life of all types of users, but above all improves the quality of life of people with reduced mobility, people who are older and those who are They move by means of a wheelchair.
Classes of lifts for disabled people
It can be said that there are two kinds of lifts for the use of the disabled . Although they are quite similar aesthetically, they possess a series of characteristics that make them more apt to be placed according to what situations and locations. These are the low speed elevators and elevators considered as conventional.
Conventional lifts, which are adapted for the handicapped, are specially designed for placement in neighboring communities, public buildings and commercial premises. It is there that the traffic of the passengers is expected to be medium high. Here the elevator speed plays an important role in order to be able to serve all possible users.
As for reduced-speed elevators that are adapted for disabled people, as indicated by their name, they have a speed that is limited to a maximum of fifteen centimeters per second. This class of lifts is the most suitable solution in case that its use is private. An example of this could be a detached house. For this reason, they are also known as single-family elevators, although they are also used for public use in premises or residential buildings that are not high enough and in which the elevator is not expected to be used by a large number of people.
What are the minimum dimensions of disabled lifts
The minimum dimensions of the lifts for people who are disabled are one meter and twenty-five centimeters deep and one meter wide. If these dimensions are applied in the construction of an elevator this will have the necessary capacity for a person who uses a wheelchair when traveling. It is essential to keep in mind that, in this case, it will only be possible to have a door or boarding in a cabin or two embarkations that are facing or, what is the same, a double door in a facing cabin.
Other measures can also be used, for example, one meter and forty centimeters deep and one meter and ten centimeters wide in cases where the elevator is used by a person in a wheelchair and a companion. If the cabin had a double boarding, the elevator could have dimensions of one meter and forty centimeters by one meter and forty centimeters.
How should access to plant
In order that people with a visual disability can locate the elevator door, it must have a color that contrasts with that of the adjacent doors. Similarly, in front of the elevator door there must be a strip of pavement of different texture and a contrasting color of one meter and a half per meter and a half. The horizontal separation between the access landing and the floor of the cabin shall be at least two centimeters, while the maximum vertical separation shall be one centimeter.
To make it easier for people in a wheelchair to maneuver, both out and in front of the elevator door, there will be a space that is completely free of obstacles. In this space will be possible the inscription of a circle of a meter and a half of diameter. In addition, it will not have any kind of inclination.
The characteristics of the door
The doors of these elevators must be automatic and sliding at the same time. The pitch width should not be less than eighty centimeters. In this way, it is possible for the user to cross it in a wheelchair. Likewise, the time the door remains open must be adjustable up to twenty seconds. There should also be a button on the inside of the cabin to close the doors. The doors will have an equipment with a sensor that detects the people. This sensor will cover a height above the ground between twenty-five and eighty feet.
How should the cabin be?
The dimensions of the cabin with a single door or with two facing doors should be one meter wide and one meter and twenty five inches deep. This class of cabins can only accommodate one person in a wheelchair. The cabin will have a perimeter handrail located at ninety centimeters in height.
In the case of cabs that are narrow and in which a person in a wheelchair can not turn, it is imperative that there is a mirror on the wall that faces the door. In this way, obstacles can be detected when leaving the cabin from the back with the wheelchair. The height of the lower edge of this mirror will be between thirty and ninety centimeters. At no time will it reach the ground so that it does not lead to optical confusions for users with reduced vision.
The characteristics of the control devices
Each and every control device available to the cab, both indoors and outdoors, must have a minimum diameter of three centimeters. In addition, they will have a contrasting color and high relief characters and braille. The relief will have a minimum height of 0.8 millimeters. The call buttons will be located at a height of between ninety and 1.10 centimeters and will be as close as possible to the elevator door.
The cabin control buttons, for their part, will be at a height of between ninety and 1.20 centimeters and forty centimeters from the corner of the cabin. The position may be horizontal or vertical. With regard to the emergency alarm button, it will be equipped with a voice link as the intercoms with a loop that will be magnetic induction. In this way, communication is easier for people who wear hearing aids. The alarm button will also have a warning light to indicate to people who are deaf that the emergency call has been registered.
Characteristics of visual signals
Both outside and inside the cab there will be a visual signage system to show the floor in which the elevator is located, as well as its sense of movement. It will be located at the top of the doors or control devices with the elevator.
Usefulness of sound signals
The sound signals are used to make it easier to use the elevator for the visually impaired. Therefore, the cabin will have a sound signaling system that will show the closing and opening of the doors, as well as the floor where the elevator has stopped and the direction of movement.
The luminaires will be located on the roof of the cabin. They will be out of sight angle of the eyes. This will not cause any kind of glare to those with a reduced vision and there will be a more homogenous illumination inside the cabin.